Special Topics

Prisoners of War & Internees

Americans Held As Prisoners of War By the Japanese in World War II

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Allied POWs being liberated by the US Navy. Aomori Camp (near Yokohama), Japan, August 29, 1945. National Archives
(80-G-490444)

  • Austin L. Andrews

    Information
    Military Branch & Unit: Navy
    Description: Mr. Andrews served in the US Navy in China and the Philippines on several ships and shore installations. He was taken prisoner when US forces in Bataan and Corregidor surrendered and endured three-and-a-half years of brutal captivity as a POW, including time at the Cabanatuan Prison camp, the Nagata Maru hell ship, and the Umeda Bunso Camp (Osaka, Japan).Related Materials:Mr. Andrews has contributed an addendum to his interview.See Also:Mr. Andrews produced a memoir, co-authored...
  • Harold A. Bergbower

    Information
    Military Branch & Unit: Army Air Forces
    Description: Mr. Bergbower served with the 28th Bombardment Squadron, 19th Bombardment Group, V Bomber Command, in the US Army Air Corps until the surrender of the Philippines. He endured years of subjugation as a prisoner of war and slave laborer in the following camps: Malaybalay, Davao Penal Colony, Toyihomo, Shinjuku in Japan.
  • Albert N. Brown

    Information
    Military Branch & Unit: Army
    Description: Dr. Brown, a member of the US Army Dental Corps, 24th Pursuit Group, V Interceptor Command, fought in the Philippines. until the surrender of Bataan. He survived the Bataan Death March and spent the remainder of the war as a POW in the following camps: Hakodate, Babai, Machi, Hokkaido Island.
  • Thomas G. Calderone

    Information
    Military Branch & Unit: Army
    Description: Mr. Calderone fought with the 31st Infantry Regiment in the Philippines until the surrender of Corregidor. He was held as a Prisoner of War until the end of the war at the following camps: O'Donnell, Cabanatuan, Clark Field, Bilibid and Nagoya #6, Nomach, Japan. He survived a "hell ship" voyage on the Nota Maru and endured years of subjugation as slave labor.
  • Alfred C. McGrew

    Information
    Military Branch & Unit: Army
    Description: Mr. McGrew served in the US Army Coastal Artillery Corps in the Philippines. He was taken prisoner when US forces in Bataan and Corregidor surrendered and endured three-and-a-half years of brutal captivity as a POW, including time at the Cabanatuan Prison Camps 1 & 3, the Bilibid Prison Camp, the Noto Maru hell ship, and Kawasaki in Japan. 
  • Dale Minger

    Information
    Military Branch & Unit: Army
    Description: Dale Minger was born on January 15, 1920, on a farm near Wadena, Iowa. At age twenty-one, he entered the United States Army on an offer to go to the Philippines, where he arrived in July 1941 and was stationed on Corregidor in the antiaircraft unit Battery D, 60th Coast Artillery. Taken prisoner and imprisoned for seven months after the fall of the Philippines, he was taken to Manila, where he endured starvation, blindness and malaria. He was witness to cruelty, ranging from...
  • Robert W. Phillips

    Information
    Military Branch & Unit: Army Air Forces
    Description: Rev. Phillips served with the 28th Bombardment Squadron, 19th Bombardment Group, V Bomber Command, in the US Army Air Corps until the surrender of the Philippines. He endured years of subjugation as a prisoner of war and slave laborer in the following camps: Malaybalay, Bilibid, Mitsui, Tokyo Army Hosp, Shinagawa & Hitachi.
  • Everett D. Reamer

    Information
    Military Branch & Unit: Army
    Description: Mr. Reamer served in the US Army in the 60th Coast Artillery Regiment, F Battery, an antiaircraft unit tied into the harbor defenses of Manila and Subic Bays, until the surrender of Corregidor.  Held as a prisoner of war, he spent a long period of time in solitary confinement in Osaka Sakai Prison.
  • Albert J. Senna

    Information
    Military Branch & Unit: Army
    Description: Mr. Senna served in the Army Corps of Engineers and was captured by the Japanese on Bataan in early 1942. During his three-and-a-half years as a POW, he survived the Bataan Death March, imprisonment in Camp O'Donnell and Cabanatuan in the Philippines, the Haro Maru Hell Ship and enslavement in Japan.
  • Joseph A. Vater

    Information
    Military Branch & Unit: Army
    Description: Mr. Vater served in the US Army Corps of Engineers, 803rd Engineer Battalion (Aviation), Company A, until the surrender of Corregidor.  He was held as a prisoner of war until the end of the war in the following camps: Billibid, Cabanatuan Number 3 and Hoten. He survived a "hell ship" voyage on the Tottori Maru from the Philippines. to Formosa, Pusan, Korea, and, finally, ending in Mukden, Manchuria. Throughout, he endured years of subjugation as slave labor.
  • Martin L. Zapf

    Information
    Military Branch & Unit: Army Air Forces
    Description: Mr. Zapf served as a radio operator on a B-29 based on Tinian during World War II. After being shotdown on 8/8/45, Zapf and his surviving crewmates endured captivity at the hands of the Japanese and were held in Hiroshima shortly after the atomic bomb had destroyed most of the city.

American Civilians Held As Internees By the Japanese in World War II

  • Leonard Brooks

    Information
    Military Branch & Unit: Army
    Description: Mr. Brooks grew up as the child of missionaries in the Philippines. He and his family endured the Japanese occupation from 1942 to 1945, including internment in the Los Banos internment camp. He was liberated by Allied forces in the famed 2/23/45 raid on Los Banos. After returning to the US, he was drafted and served in the Army of Occupation in Europe. He spent much of his career in the missionary field in the Philippines and the US.

 

Americans Held As Prisoners of War By the Germans in World War II

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US soldiers being led into captivity following the surprise German offensive in the Ardennes in December 1944.
National Archives, captured German photograph
(111-SC-198240)
  • William S. Blaher

    Information
    Military Branch & Unit: Army
    Description: Mr. Blaher served as an infantryman in the 106th Infantry Division in the ETO. He was taken prisoner during the Battle of the Bulge and spent five months in captivity at Stalag IXB.
  • Timothy G. Dyas

    Information
    Military Branch & Unit: Army
    Description: LTC Dyas was born in Brooklyn, NY, and later raised in Queens, NY.  He entered the US Army in 1941, trained at Fort Ethan Allen, VT, and later joined the Airborne and trained at Fort Bragg, NC.  He served with the 82nd Airborne Division, 505th Parachute Infantry Regiment, First Battalion, A Company.  He jumped with the 82nd in the invasion of Sicily and fought until captured near Catelgerone.  He spent 23 months as a POW in Stalags IIB, IIIB and IIIA. After WWII, he used the GI Bill to...
  • Leonard Feinberg

    Information
    Military Branch & Unit: Army
    Description:  Leonard Feinberg was born on September 7, 1923 in Long Branch, New Jersey. He is descended from Polish and Russian Jews who emigrated in the 1890s. When he was very young, his parents moved to Elizabeth, New Jersey, where he grew up and went to Abraham Lincoln School #14.  After graduating from Jefferson High School in 1941, Feinberg commuted to Rutgers College and majored in biology.  With World War II raging, Feinberg enlisted in the Army in 1942. He went to Surgical Technicians...
  • Kenneth Joel

    Information
    Military Branch & Unit: Army
    Description: Mr. Joel served as an infantryman in the ETO during World War II. He was captured during the Battle of the Bulge and spent the remainder of the war in a POW camp.
  • Franklyn Johnson

    Information
    Military Branch & Unit: Army
    Description: Mr. Johnson served as an infantry officer in the ETO during World War II. After being wounded during the Normandy Campaign, he was captured, but he was liberated weeks later when his POW hospital was overrun by the Allies.
  • Robert C. King

    Information
    Military Branch & Unit: Army; Army Air Forces
    Description: Mr. King flew missions in a B-24 until his plane was shot down over Austria during World War II. He spent the remainder of the war in several POW camps.
  • Edward J. Leonard

    Information
    Military Branch & Unit: Army
    Description: Mr. Leonard served in an US Army cavalry regiment during the last days of the horse-mounted cavalry and after its mechanization during the Second World War. After serving in North Africa, Italy and Southern France, he was taken POW and held in the Kustrin and Luckenwalde stalags and at a farm in Hackenough. Before the war, he also worked for the CCC in Montana.
  • Robert E. Pope

    Information
    Military Branch & Unit: Army
    Description: Mr. Pope served as an artilleryman in the ETO during World War II. Captured during the Battle of the Bulge, he survived life as a POW until escaping in April 1945.
  • Gordon D. Prout

    Information
    Military Branch & Unit: Army Air Forces
    Description: Mr. Gordon served as a navigator on a B-17 for nine missions over Europe during World War II before being shot down and captured. He spent 16 months as a prisoner in Stalag Luft I.
  • Joseph T. Salerno

    Information
    Military Branch & Unit: Army
    Description: Mr. Salerno served as a rifleman in the 106th Infantry Division in the European Theater during WWII. He was captured during the Battle of the Bulge and was imprisoned for the remainder of the war in Stalag IV-B and at a worksite near Gleina, Germany. During the Korean War, he served as a public affairs officer for the US Army Transportation Corps in Korea and Japan. In his postwar career, he worked as a Veterans Administration administrator.
  • Charles Sloca

    Information
    Military Branch & Unit: Army Air Forces
    Description: Dr. Sloca served as a pilot on a B-17 in the European Theater during World War II. He was shot down in August 1944 and was imprisoned as a POW at Stalag Luft III and Marlag-Milag.

Americans Held As Internees By a Neutral Power in World War II

  • Forrest S. Clark

    Information
    Military Branch & Unit: Army Air Forces
    Description: Mr. Clark flew missions in B-24s. His plane was shot down and forced to land in Switzerland, where he was interned until he escaped after D-Day.

Americans Held As Prisoners of War By Other Forces in World War II

  • Leo C. Inglesby, Sr.

    Information
    Military Branch & Unit: Army
    Description: Mr. Inglesby served as a paratrooper in the 509th Parachute Infantry Battalion. He participated in the first US airborne operation of World War II during Operation:TORCH, the invasion of North Africa.