Social and Cultural History

Environmental History

  • Mark S. Morrison

    Description: Mark Morrison was born in Manhattan in New York City in 1942 to Jewish parents.  He attended Rutgers College from 1960-1964 and received an undergraduate degree in Business Administration.  Morrison was drafted into military service in 1967 but failed his physical.  After college, he worked as an accountant.
  • Richard L. Scott, Jr.

    Description: Born in Brooklyn, NY, Mr. Scott was raised in Caldwell, NJ, and graduated from the Newark Academy in 1943. He served in the US Army during World War II as a machine-gunner in the Fifth Infantry Division, Third Army, including service in the Battle of the Bulge. He earned his officer's commission after V-E Day.  From 1946 to 1950, he studied agriculture at the Rutgers College of Agriculture on the GI Bill. After graduating, he managed a farm in Red Hook, NY, for five years. He then earned a master's in science education from NYU in 1958, and pursued a doctorate in environmental science there as well. For thirty years, he taught chemistry in Neptune Senior High School. Mr. Scott engaged in numerous civic and volunteer activities in Monmouth County, many pertaining to his interest in nature and environmental protection. He also served two enlistments in the NJ National Guard with the 50th Armored Division.
  • David Sive

    Description: Mr. Sive served as an infantryman in the ETO during World War II. He earned his law degree at Columbia on the GI Bill and later worked on landmark environmental cases, including Scenic Hudson Preservation Conference v. Federal Power Commission 354 F.2d 608 (2d Cir. 1965), which led to federal environmental protection acts. He founded the Sive, Paget, and Riesel law firm and became known as "the Founding Father of Environmental Law." Working with local and national environmental organizations, such as the Sierra Club, Mr. Sive also helped shape legislation that preserved the Adirondacks and Catskills in New York State.
  • Irwin Spetgang

    Description: Irwin Spetgang was born in New Jersey and attended Rutgers, later serving in the US Army in the 1950s.  After his service, Spetgang became an engineer at RCA in Camden.  Spetgang, along with his wife, Tilly, became involved in the environmental movement, especially with solar power.
  • Tilly Spetgang

    Description: Tilly Spetgang was born in New York City and became a reporter for various newspapers over her long career in the industry.  She was involved heavily in the environmental movement, especially with disseminating information to non-experts about how solar power worked.  She was a major figure in the grassroots water conservation movement that led to reduced water usage in toilet mechanisms in the plumbing industry.
  • Elmer E. Wagner

    Description: Mr. Wagner served as a P-51 tactical reconnaissance pilot in England and Northern Europe during World War II. He later spent his career in New York State's Department of Environmental Conservation.